Well Person Blood Test
There are many factors that can take their toll on our health, from balancing work and other commitments, to eating a poor diet, drinking too much alcohol or smoking, and finding it hard to fit in enough regular exercise. If this sounds like you, you are not alone. People all over the world struggle to find a happy medium where they can eat well, exercise regularly and enjoy a healthy lifestyle – but it can lead to health problems down the line. With a few changes to your lifestyle, you could improve your outlook and reduce your risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, raised cholesterol and some cancers. Positive lifestyle changes can also help you overcome unwanted weight gain and tiredness and lethargy.
You may know where you want to start – like reducing your alcohol intake or exercising more regularly – or you may just be curious to see where you currently are. A Well Person blood test is a comprehensive way to check out your starting point and to understand where to make the biggest positive changes. A further blood test at a later date will show you just how far you’ve come, as well as signposting your next steps for further health benefits.
Our Well Person blood test is suitable for anyone over the age of 18 years.
Testing for a Well Person Blood Test
The test can be performed using a small amount of blood from a finger prick which you can do yourself.
How often should I have a Well Person Blood Test
It is a good idea to have a well man blood test annually. If the results indicate some areas of concern which can be improved with lifestyle changes, a retest is advisable 12 weeks after you start to make the lifestyle changes.
- Overall general health
- Embarking on a lifestyle health change
- Wanting to improve your health and measure the process
- General assessment of your blood health
- Improving diet
- Losing weight
- Gaining weight
- Feeling tired
- Wanting to start a family
- Aiming for optimum health
- Stopping alcohol consumption
- Changing diet
This blood test is to check on:
- Kidney Health
- Liver Health
- Gout risk
- Thyroid function
For best results (if medically suitable) it is advisable to fast (water is allowed) 12 hours prior to the test which needs to be taken first thing in the morning and posted on the same day on a Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday.
Collection method: Finger prick
Results available: 2-3 days after the sample has reached the laboratory.
Urea is usually passed out through urine. It is a waste product from the breakdown of amino acids found in proteins.
Higher than normal levels may be indicative of a kidney problem, low levels may be indicative of dehydration.
Creatinine is usually passed out through urine. It is a breakdown of waste products made from the muscles.
A high level may be indicative of a kidney problem, however this does depend on muscle mass. Usually if a high muscle mass the creatinine may be higher. If levels are low it could be due to a low protein diet or reduced muscle mass.
This test will assess how well the liver is working and can be indicative if there is any damage or inflammation inside the liver.
This test used to be known as the Liver Function Test (LFTs)
Bilirubin is the end product of the breakdown of red blood cells (haemoglobin) It is produced in bone marrow cells and the liver.
The blood test measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
Alkaline Phosphatase known commonly as ALP is an enzyme mainly found in the liver, kidneys, bones and digestive system.
The test measures the ALP in your blood.
Alanine Transaminase (ALT)
Alanine Transaminase known as ALT is an enzyme most commonly found in the liver. Damaged liver cells release ALT into the bloodstream.
The test measures the amount of ALT in the blood.
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)
Gamma-glutamyl transferase commonly known as GGT is an enzyme found throughout the body however most commonly found in the liver.
The test will measure the amount of GGT in the blood.
Proteins are important building blocks for the health and growth of the body’s cells and tissues.
A total protein test measures the amount of albumin and globulin in your body.
Albumin also known as ALB is a protein made by your liver. Albumin is used to carry hormones, vitamins and enzymes around the body and keep fluid in your bloodstream to avoid leaking into other tissues.
Globulins are a serum protein needed for our growth and development and overall health. They are produced in the liver and immune system. Different proteins make up the globulin family and many bind with haemoglobin in the blood and some are involved in the transportation of metals such as iron whilst others are part of the immune system to help fight infections.
Uric acid is a normal waste product found in the body usually excreted through urine. If levels are too high in the blood may be indicative of gout.
Your liver makes cholesterol and can be found in many foods you eat such as dairy, meats and fish.
There are two main types of cholesterol: HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) and LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein).
Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. They come from foods we eat (such as dairy, meat,oils) or made by our liver.
Any excess calories your body doesn’t need straight away is converted into Triglycerides and stored in your fat cells to be used when needed for energy.
LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein)
LDL is known as the bad cholesterol as it can block up our blood vessels causing them to narrow. Sometimes a clot can form and get stuck in these narrow vessels leading to a heart attack.
HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)
HDL is known as the good cholesterol as it helps remove other forms of cholesterol from your bloodstream. Higher levels of HDL are associated with lower risk of heart disease.
Non-HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) Cholesterol
Non-HDL cholesterol is your total cholesterol minus your HDL. The higher the number of the Non-HDL cholesterol may be indicative that you could be at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
This test will measure how much TSH is in your blood. TSH is made in your pituitary, (a gland in your brain) when your thyroid levels are low, the pituitary gland makes more TSH and when the thyroid levels are high your pituitary makes less TSH.
This result indicates how well the thyroid is working.
Free Thyroxine (Free T4)
This test will measure the amount of free thyroxine in your blood, and will measure how well your thyroid gland is working.
T4 is one of the major thyroid hormones in your blood. If the results are too high or too low it can indicate thyroid disease.
This test measures the level of triiodothyronine (T3) in your blood. T3 along with T4 are the two major thyroid hormones in your blood. T3 blood test may be used to diagnose hyperthyroidism.
If the results are too high or too low it can indicate thyroid disease.
The test will measure the amount of thyroxine in your blood.
Too much or too little may be indicative of thyroid disease.